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Primer 2: Lesson 6: Verbs 1

i Grammar

i.i I, You, He, She, It

Diarenye verbs are conjugated by adding a prefix, which shows the pronoun, and a suffix for the tense. The present tense has no suffix.

The prefixes for ‘I, You, He, She, and It’ are mi, ti, li, i, and le. They are easy to remember, for instance mi is me, ti, li, etc.

The prefix is added to the begining of the verb no matter what, thus miablar is ‘I have’ tiablar, liablar, leablar, and iablar.

i.ii Test

  1. I go, you go, and he climbs.
  2. She comes, I go, and you are.
  3. He is there, I go there. She is not there, you do not go there. [Not is te, following the verb. Distenare te, They will not stop.]
  4. ii Tatterhood, A simplified Tale

    ii.i Instructions

    1. This is a folk tale, which is simplified in the beginning to almost nothing, but will gradually gain complexity until the end.
    2. Read through the story, don't worry if you don't manage it all. Try to understand the meaning before looking closely at the individual words
    3. Translate it a couple of times, until you truly know each word.

    ii.ii Tatterhood

    Ma sa rolar, temar esar si atlen ya si atlan, ya l’atlen ablar te omaringyas, ya iesar tebendsa. Iesar tebendsa il iablar te sias catelas, ya idiar se leesar mela umna las ceras yate omaringyas.

    ii.iii Vocabulary

    1. Ma -- when
    2. Sa -- this
    3. Atlen -- king
    4. Atlan -- queen
    5. Te -- not
    6. Omaringyas -- children [accusative plural]
    7. Tebendsa -- unhappy
    8. Catelas -- family [acc]
    9. Se -- that
    10. Mela -- lonely
    11. Ceras -- palace [acc]
    12. Yate -- without

    ii.iv Translation

    Much of this will be conjecture on your part, if you don't get it right, don't be dissapointed. Much of this material has not been taught factually. Translate the following:

    A queen is happy when a queen has a family. This queen has not a family. This queen is happy? No[te], this queen is unhappy.

    A king has a queen. A king is happy without a queen? No, a king is happy with a queen.[A queen -- sium atlanum.]

    A king and a queen are happy with children [omaringyum]. The king and the queen are unhappy. The king and queen have not children[Here it is back to omaringyas!].

    Check your answers!

    Continue with Lesson 7 and get all these changing nouns explained!