The verb 'to say' is diar, its roots are di- and -ar. Note its presence in Diarenyë. It is also related to diar, speech. Diar is the only noun ending in -ar!
The verb 'to walk' is azar, az- and -ar.
In the last lesson I discussed the nominative and accusative cases, and promised to discuss the dative and genitive here.
The dative case means 'to/for (a noun).' Thus in 'John goes to Mary', Mary is in the dative case, or would be if it was in Diarenyë. John yesar Maryum. The dative case is to/for, but is also used after 'with'.
The genitive case means 'of' and is called possesive in English. In 'We are going to John's house', John's is the genitive. Used after a word, it means 'of', or does in Diarenyë.
Lisiesar azar andr las stanas, ya lilestar sias ombranas. Lidiar, "Nai esar tios kening?"
L'ombran diar, "Mios kening esar Lisimazar. Ya tios?"
"Esar bend, Lisiesar."
"Esar bend, Lisiazar."
Lisiesar yesar lios ondos Carum, ya lestar lios ondu. Lidiar, "I tiesar, mios ondu?"
"Bend, bend. Ya ti?"
Although this is much longer, many of the words you already know, so don't become afraid that there's a lot of memorization!
Person 1: "My name is He Who Says, what is your name?"
2: "My name is He Who Has, how are you, He Who Says?"
1: "Well. And you?"
2: "Well. Farewell!!"
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Continue with Lesson 4